A common bleaching and disinfectant substance, stable bleaching powder, also known as calcium hypochlorite, is a white, crystalline solid. Ca(ClO)2 is its chemical composition.
Highly volatile and easily decomposing in water, it releases chlorine gas, a potent oxidizing agent. Because of this quality, it works well to remove stains and pigment from a variety of materials, including paper, wood, and textiles.
It is frequently used in Chemical Nepal for water treatment and sanitation reasons as a disinfectant. It produces hypochlorous acid, a highly potent germicide that can eliminate a variety of bacteria, viruses, and other microbes, when it is dissolved in water.
Other compounds, such as plastics, rubber, and chlorinated solvents, are also made using stable bleaching powder. As a flotation agent, it is also employed in the mining sector to extract minerals from ores.
It should be handled carefully because it can be extremely corrosive and cause burns or skin irritation if it comes into contact with the flesh. Additionally, it may be extremely reactive and emit toxic gases, ignite fires, or explode when in contact with certain substances like acids or organic materials. When handling stable bleaching powder, proper safety measures should be taken, and it should only be used in accordance with advised guidelines and procedures.